Ancient manuals on Chinese Chess. Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty manuals on Chinese chess.

The Plum Flower Springs Manual
<<梅花泉>>

The Plum Flower Springs Manual was written by 童圣公Tong Shenggong from 海门. Its actual date of publication is not known but it seemed to have been around a few hundred years before the Qing dynasty. In fact, not much else is known. There were only 36 games and 132 variations.
In the 嘉庆Jiaqing era of Qing dynasty, one of the top Xiangqi experts
薛丙Xue Bing, came across a handwritten copy of this manual and was very impressed with it. Xue went through the manual and duly added to the content. And when Xue was finished, there were now 50 games with over 210 variations.
This manual reflected some of the "newer" openings of Tong's era, including the central cannon with central linked horse variation , single horse defence, left overlapping cannons defence... Amongst them, one of the variations of the screen horse defence with horse sacrifice for trapping the red chariot is still used (modified of course) nowadays.
The ancient manual is divided into 3 volumes with a total of 50 games and over 210 variations.
I have no time to annotate them, but I have decided to upload them so that all can enjoy the wisdom of the ancient chinese. 
Note: It has given me hell trying to translate the names of the openings given in the ancient manual, but I am trying my best. I have added the original chinese names of the openings to help those who understand chinese a little bit. And to facilitate those really interested, I have added the ECCO classification of the opening in front of the english translation, so that you may link it to the openings section on this site (if I have done that... ).
Simple chinese to english translations used here:
当头炮 = Central cannon  横车 = ranked chariot 直车= filed chariot
鸳鸯马 = mandarin duck horse formation or just simply central linked horses
进中兵 = central/5th pawn advancement
屏风马 = screen horse defense
巡河炮 = riverbank cannon

<<梅花泉>> The Plum Flower Springs Manual 
Page 01:  volume 01 games 01-05             Page 02 : volume 01 games 06-10  
Page 03 : volume 01 games 11-15             Page 04 : volume 02 games 01-05   
Page 05 : volume 02 games 06-10             Page 06 : volume 02 games 11-14  
Page 07 : volume 03 games 01-05             Page 08 : volume 03 games 06-10
Page 09 : volume 03 games 11-15             Page 10 : volume 03 games 16-21

Volume 1 :  Games 01-15
Game 01 : 
C14 Central cannon with ranked chariot central pawn advancement and central linked horses  vs Screen horse defence 
当头炮横车鸳鸯马进中兵屏风马与化当头炮横车局
Game 02 :
C14 Central cannon with right ranked chariot left filed chariot central pawn advancement and central linked horses vs Screen horse defence with ranked chariot right riverbank cannon and left cannon taking central horse variation 
当头炮右横左直车鸳鸯马进中兵屏风马与横车右炮巡河左炮击当头马局                 
Game 03 :
C14 Central cannon ranked chariot 5th pawn advancement and central linked horses vs Screen horses with filed chariot and riverbank cannon variation.
当头炮横车鸳鸯马进中兵屏风马与直车巡河炮局
Game 04 :
B05 Central cannon with ranked chariot and central linked horses with 5th pawn advancement vs palace corner cannon filed chariot and left single horse defence variation
夹马炮横车鸳鸯马进中兵与士角炮直车左单提马局
Game 05 :
C15 Central cannon filed chariot right riverbank cannon with right chariot sacrifice vs screen horse defense filed chariot and pawn sacrifice for inititative variation
屏风马直车弃卒争先与当头炮直车右炮巡河弃右车局
Game 06 :
C17 Central cannon pawn ranked chariot central pawn advancement and central linked horses vs Screen horse defense with filed chariot
屏风马直车与夹马炮直车盘头马进中兵局
Game 07 :
C03 Central cannon with central linked horses ranked chariot and central pawn advancement vs Screen horse defense with right riverbank cannon and ranked chariot
屏风马右巡河炮横车与当头炮鸳鸯马横车进中兵局
Game 08 :
C03 Central cannon with 5th pawn advancement central linked horses filed chariot and multiple pawn advancement variation vs screen horse defense with double riverbank cannons filed chariot variation
屏风马双巡河炮直车与当头炮鸳鸯马直车马前三拱卒局
Game 09 :
B09 Central cannon with mandarin duck horse with central pawn advancement 4 times and horse sacrifice variation vs single horse defence with 3rd pawn advancement
单提马炮二平三、三进卒与当头炮鸳鸯马四进中兵弃马争先局
Game 10 :
C14 Central cannon with ranked chariot and central pawn advancement and central linked horses vs screen horse defense ranked chariot with left riverbank cannon
屏风马横车左炮巡河与当头炮横车鸳鸯马进中兵局
Game 11 :
B05 Central cannons with filed chariot 5th Pawn advancement and central linked horses vs Screen horse defense with filed chariot rt riverbank cannon lt horse sacrifice with right horse H3-5.
屏风马直车右炮巡河弃左马右马卧槽与当头炮鸳鸯马直车进中兵局
Game 12 :
D52 Central cannon with filed chariot central linked horses and 3rd pawn advancement vs Single horse defense with central cannon side horse and filed chariot variation
单提马当头炮化窝心变边马直车与当头炮鸳鸯马直车马前三拱卒局
Game 13 :
B00 Central cannon with double ranked chariots and 5th Pawn advancement vs Tandem Cannons Defense with left filed chariot and right ranked chariot with horse sacrifice variation
夹卒炮左直车右横车弃右马与当头炮双横车进中兵局
Game 14 :
C17 Central cannon filed chariot with single horse defense variation with central pawn advancement vs Screen horse defense filed chariot with 3rd pawn advancement and horse sacrifice variation
屏风马直车进三位卒弃马过卒破当头炮直车单提马进中兵局
Game 15 :
C17 Central cannon with filed chariot and 5th pawn advancement and central linked horses vs Screen horse defense with side horse and file chariot variation
屏风马变边马直车破夹马炮直车进中兵局

Volume 2 : 
Game 01 :
B05 Central cannon with ranked chariot 5th Pawn Advancement vs Left single horse defense with left palace corner cannon and filed chariot variation
夹马炮横车鸳鸯马进中兵破士角炮直车左单提马局
Game 02 :
B10 Central cannon with central linked horses with 5th Pawn Advancement and double ranked chariot with left horse sacrifice vs Right single horse defense with palcorner cannon variation and armpit filed chariot
当头炮盘头马进中兵双横车弃左马破士角炮贴身车右单提马
Game 03 :
D04 Same direction cannons: Ranked chariot with left riverbank cannon variation win filed chariot with right palcorner cannon and A6+5 variation
顺手炮横车左炮巡河破直车吐士角炮背士局
Game 04 :
D04 Same direction cannons: Ranked chariot with left riverbank cannon variation win filed chariot with right palcorner cannon and A6+5 variation
顺手炮横车左炮巡河破直车吐士角炮背士局
Game 05 :
B05 Central cannon with filed chariot and central linked horses win Left single horse defense with filed chariot variation
夹马炮直车进中兵破直车左单提马局
Game 06 :
B10 Central cannon with 5th Pawn Advancement and right ranked chariot vs Right single horse defense
夹马炮横车进中兵破直车炮巡河右单提马局
Game 07:
A40 Horse Opening with Red Screen horse variation win central cannon filed chariot with madnarin duck horses and central pawn advancement
屏风马直车破当头炮直车鸳鸯马进中兵局
Game 08:
A40 Horse Opening with Red Screen horse Variation and Ranked chariot subvariation vs Central cannon with ranked chariot and central pawn advancement with cenral linked horses
屏风马横车破当头炮横车鸳鸯马进中兵局
Game 09:
A40 Horse Opening with Red Screen horse Opening with Riverbank cannon filed chariot and horse to corner black chariot subvariatioh vs central cannon with riverbank cannon and left single horse subvariation
屏风马巡河炮直车起马禁车破当头炮巡河车左单提马局
Game 10:
D50 Opposite direction cannons: red filed chariot variation and attacks central pawn vs filed chariot variation
列手炮就打当头卒直车破直车局
Game 11:
D04 Same direction cannons: Ranked chariot with 7th Pawn Advancement 7th file horse variation vs Filed chariot with A6+5 variation
顺手炮横车进七兵出马破直车右进背士局
Game 12:
D04 Same direction cannons with 7th pawn advancement and 7th file horse variation vs left filed chariot with left riverbank chariot variation with A4+5 subvariation
顺手炮横车进七兵出马破巡河车右进背士局
Game 13:
B10 Central cannon with 5th pawn advancement and central linked horses vs left single horse defense
夹马炮直车进中兵破左单提马局
Game 14:
D22 Same direction cannons: Field chariot wins Golden Roc ranked chariot variation ??? (perhaps this is a study into one of the games in the Golden Roc ancient manual )

顺手炮直车破金鹏横车局

Volume 3:
Game 01 :
Same direction cannons. Red is given a 2 move advantage.
梅花泉--下卷 第1局(让双先)顺手炮吐士角直车破直车进中兵局
Game 02 :
Same direction cannons.Red has a 2 move advantage
梅花泉--下卷 第2局(让双先)顺手炮直车巡河与横车禁车对敌局
Game 03 :
Red is at a one cannon handicap. Do not know how to translate this opening...!
梅花泉--下卷 第3局(让右炮)应炮直车破当头炮局
Game 04 :
Red is at a one horse handicap. Central cannon with central linked horses vs left single horse defense.
梅花泉--下卷 第4局(让左马)当头炮横车盘头马进中兵破左单提马局
Game 05 :
Red is at a one horse handcap.  Same direction cannons
梅花泉--下卷 第5局(让左马)顺手炮横车破直车局
Game 06:
Red is at a left horse disadvantage. Same direction cannons: filed chariot win ranked chariot
梅花泉--下卷 第6局(让左马)顺手炮直车破横车局
Game 07 :
Red is at a left horse handicap. Same Direction cannons ranked chariot vs palcorner cannon
梅花泉--下卷 第7局(让左马)顺手炮横车破先背补士角炮局
Game 08 :
red is at a left horse handicap. Opposite direction cannons: filed chariot vs ranked chariot.
梅花泉--下卷 第8局(让左马)列手炮直车炮压马破横车取势局
Game 09 :
Black is at a left horse and 1 move handicap.
Central cannon ranked chariot vs Screen Horse defense with filed chariot 
梅花泉--下卷 第9局(让左马、一先) 当头炮横车用马炮进中卒破屏风马直车局
Game 10 :
Black lt horse and 1 moved handicap.
Central cannon vs single horse defense with same direction cannon variation
梅花泉--下卷 第10局(让左马、一先)单提马变顺手炮横车弃马送炮破直车夺势局
Game 11 :
Black gives up his right horse and allows red to move first. Same Direction Cannons
梅花泉--下卷 第11局(让右马、一先)
顺手炮横车马前三拱卒破夹马炮直车撤当头炮局
Game 12 :
Red is at a 2 horse disadvantage. Opposite direction cannons
梅花泉--下卷 第12局(让双马)
应当头卒不打出林车破列手炮局
Game 13 :
Red is at 2 h handicap. Central cannon vs left single horse defense
梅花泉--下卷 第13局(让双马)
同上例双直车当头炮破左单提马局
Game 14 :
Red is at 2 h handicap. Unable to translate opening...
梅花泉--下卷 第14局(让双马)
应当头卒不打出林车破象局
Game 15 :
Red is at 2 h handicap. Riverbank cannon vs riverbank cannon
梅花泉--下卷 第15局(让双马)
巡河炮破斗巡河炮局
Game 16 :
Red is at 2 h handicap. Right riverbank cannon with left central cannon vs Left single horse defense
梅花泉--下卷 第16局(让双马)
右巡河炮左炮当头破左单提马局
Game 17 :
Red is at 2 h handicap. Opposite direction cannons
梅花泉--下卷 第17局(让双马)
右巡河炮破列手炮局
Game 18 :
Red is at left chariot handicap. Same direction cannons filed chariot vs ranked chariot 
梅花泉--下卷 第18局(让左车)
顺手炮直车破横车局
Game 19 :
Red is at left chariot handicap. Central cannon vs Right single horse defense 
梅花泉--下卷 第19局(让左车)
当头炮横车破直车炮拦车右单提马局
Game 20 :
Red is at left chariot handicap. Central cannon vs Right single horse defense.
梅花泉--下卷 第20局(让左车)
当头炮横车进中兵破直车右单提马局
Game 21 :
Red is at left chariot handicap. Same direction cannons
梅花泉--下卷 第21局(让左车)
顺手炮直车骑河化窝心炮破横车局

Frist created: 16th Nov 2011
Last updated: 11th Dec 2011
Acknowledgements:
None yet:
References:
1. In Chinese, <<中国象棋谱大全>> by 程明松, 杨明中 and 屠景明
2. In Chinese, <<象棋辞典>> by 屠景明 杨柏伟  

This website and its content is copyright of xqinenglish.com 2011-2018. All rights reserved.