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How to Get Out of Trouble
BY Master Shang Wei

Master Shang Wei 尚威 is a well-known XiangQi Master from LiaoNing Province in China, and a very respected man in XiangQi circles. He is also a prolific XiangQi author who has written many books (at least 10 books , to my knowledge) on the subject.
Amongst them is a series of books on how to play the game, with very detailed analyses and explanations. What stands out in this series of books is the clarity of the explanations, and the practicality of the examples (nothing flashy, very down to earth).
Master Shang has also pointed out in his examples very clearly and bluntly, what mistakes that amateurs would usually make and how to avoid them.
I have chosen this book to be the first (and hopefully not the last) book from one of his series of books to demonstrate how to try to get out of trouble, as beginners are usually on the losing end in most games.
Besides, since starting this site, I have been preoccupied with building it and have not really have time to get myself out of trouble in the games I play.

Chapter 1: The types of Dangerous Situations and Relevant Judgement
Section 1: When you are down material wise.
                 When you are down a chariota cannon, a horse, an elephant, an advisor, pawn(s) 
Section 2: When you are being attacked ...
  When your opponent is attacking from the central file, bottom rank, rib files, from the side ...
  When your chariot , cannon, horse, elephant(s)/advisor(s) , pawn(s) are under attack
  When you are under attack and are not able to launch a counter attack.
Section 3: Situational Analysis
The very basics ,
The boundary between advantage and disadvantage ,
Resolving a threat while gaining tempo at the same time
Dissolving the opponent's advantage.

Chapter 2: The characteristics of resolving a threat
Section 1: When the opponent is about to slit your throat 
            When your opponent is about to slit your throat with a 1r1p, 1h1c, 2h, 1r1h, 1r1c combination
Section 2: When your opponent is already delivering a check (not a cheque for you bank in)...
            Moving your king to safetyDelivering a counter-checkKilling the piece delivering the check,
            Moving a piece into the line of fire, Exchanging away the piece delivering the check  
Section 3: When you are already down material wise ...
            Trap the opponent's strong piece, Formulating an attack
            Limiting the opponent's strong piece(s) , Pinning/skewering the opponent's attacking pieces
            Exchanging away the opponent's attacking pieces
Section 4: Resolving the crisis when you are under attack ...
           War of Attrition , Stopping/Slowing the Opponent's attack , Counter-attacking , Isolation , Bluffing

Chapter 3: The types of resolving crisis

Section 1: Resolving a crisis with one piece
                 Resolving the crisis with the chariot, cannon, horse, elephant, advisor
Section 2: Resolving a crisis with two pieces
                 Resolving the crisis with a 2r , 2c, 2h, 2p, 1r1c combination.
Section 3: Resolving a crisis with a combination of more than 2 material
                 Resolving the crisis with a 1r1h1c , 2h1c, 1h1cxp , 1r1hxp , 1r1cxp combination

Chapter 4: Strategies and tactics to be used to get yourself out of trouble
 Section 1: Tactics used in resolving crises
01 Sacrificing material , 02 Maneuvering material , 03 Exchanging material ,
04 Resolve kill with counter kill  , 05 Blocking , 06 Offering material , 07 "Perpetual threat to capture" , 08 Perpetual Offer to exchange , 09 "Zugzwang" , 10 Containment , 11 Limiting ,
12 Threatening to capture material , 13 Discovered Attacks , 14 Blocking the Opponent's King ,
15 Trapping the opponent's material , 16 Exchanging one for two ,
17  Targetting the assisting attacking pieces , 18 Controlling the opponent's king ,
19 Blocking the opponent's horse from attacking , 20 Idling

Section 2: Common strategies to employ when trying to save yourself 
1. Trying to create a situation for counterattack ,
2. Utilizing a War of Attrition
3. Using Drawish "Tabiat" Situations to your advantage
4. Taking advantage of your opponent's psyche
5. Creating Traps to Lure the Enemy
6. Creative usage of the rules
7. Exploting Weak Moves to Turn the Tables  

Chapter 5 ...

Too tired to continue


First created: 5th May 2013
Last updated: 30th Dec
Master Shang Wei for writing this very good book.
Mr Chris Hankinson for his encouragement and help.
Mr Felix Tan for assistance anytime I needed it!

Master Reference: 
<<象棋實戰技巧叢書 -- 象棋解危謀算>> by Master Shang Wei尚威

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