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ENDGAME THEORY
BY GM Liu Dianzhong 

GM Liu Dianzhong has written a nice short book <<象棋新編教程 -- 象棋殘局基礎>> with over 250 examples explaining the basics of endgame theory. I will try to translate, add notes and present the endgames in as clear detail as possible, hoping to show to the beginner the fundamentals of Xiangqi endgame theory. I will add some explanations and footnotes of my own so that even the completely new beginner can try to grasp the principles just by clicking on the moves and reading the explanations.
This represents the work I should have done years ago... LOL. Time to pay MY dues for endgames!

As in the my other sections on endgames, the following format will be used.

To facilitate coding and classification of the various endgames, I will use the following format: 
    Red's available pieces (no. of pieces + piecename) -- end result  -- Black's available pieces (no. of pieces + piecename)

For example,  1h sw 1a would mean that one horse is a sure win against one advisor.
And to make sure that the names are in the same order, the pieces will be placed in the following format:
 R >  H >  C  > P(bp or hp) > A  >  E or for those who know Chinese: 
 
车 > 马 > 炮 > 兵/卒           > 士 > 象 
Therefore, if there are 2 cannons and 1 chariots, it will be 1r2c, not 2c1r.

The following abbreviations will be used for the end results:
SW= sure win , PW= positional win, HW= hard to win, mostly a draw,
SD = sure draw, PD= positional draw, vs = when the outcome is dependent on who moves first.
bp = bottom pawn or low pawn, hp = high pawn.
Please click on the endgame you want to see. 
NOTE: ** have been added the pages or chapters that I deem as must read!

Chapter **1:  Endgame Theory -- The basics.
                 **  p01 02 03 04 05 06 07
Chapter 2:  Basic Pawn(s)  Endgames : p01 02 03   
Chapter 3 : Basic Horse and Horse-Pawn Engames
                   Basic One Horse Endgames: p01
                   Basic One Horse Pawn Endgames 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
                   Basic Two Horse endgames : 13 14    
Chapter 4 : Basic Cannon and Cannon Pawn Endgames
                   Basic 1 Cannon endgames p 01 02
                   Basic Cannon-pawn endgames p 03 04 05 06 07 08 09
Chapter 5 : Basic Horse and Cannon Endgames
                   Pure 1h1c endgames p 01 02 03 04 05
                   Pure 1h1c1p endgames p 06

Chapter 6: Basic Chariot and Chariot-Pawn Endgames (Good place to start for the beginner!)
                  Pure 1r endgames (
x= number and position of the pawns)
                  Pure 1r vs xaxe endgames p 01 02 , 1r pw 2hp+2a/2e p 03
                  1r sw 1h2a p04 , 1r vs 1c2a p 05 , 1r vs 1h2e p 06 , 1r  d 1c2e p 07, 1r vs 1h1a2e p08
                  1r d 2h p 09 , 1r vs 1h1c p 10 , 1r vs 2cxp 11 , 1r pd scenarios 12
           2r endgames. 13 14 15
           1rxp endgames (x= number and position of the pawns) 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Chapter 7: Basic Chariot and Horse Endgames          
           Pure 1r1h endgames 01 02
           1r1hxp engames 03 

Chapter 8: Basic Chariot and Cannon Endgames
           Pure 1r1c endgames (1r1c+ xaxe vs 1r + xaxe, where x represents "0","1" or "2" )
          
01 02 03 (1r1c1a sw 1r2e)  04 05 06 07 08

Chapter 9:** How to improve your Endgame
        **  01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 

Chapter 10 : Learn Some Endgame Compositions 
        ** 01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09

First created: 5th July 2012
Last updated: 31st
Jan 2013
Acknowledgments:
Mr Felix Tan for advice in many aspects of this section.
GM Liu Dianzhong for making learning endgames a much easier task.

Master Reference: 
<<象棋新編教程 -- 象棋殘局基礎>> by GM Liu DianZhong 劉殿中, Qi JinAn 齊津安

References:
1. << 象棋残局大全>> by 王嘉良 李中健 王国顺
2. 
<< 象棋入门>> by 刘国斌 徐家亮 & 韩宽 , approved by the Chinese Chess Association of China, 中国象棋协会审定 
3. <<象棋入门>> by 朱宝位 
4. <<象棋辞典>> by 屠景明 杨柏伟
5. <<象棋残局胜和定式>> by 金启昌 杨典
6. 《炮卒专集》by 陈廉庸 Chen Lianyong

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