One Cannon and One Pawn 
Combination Endgames p04

The one cannon and one pawn combination is another basic endgame that must be mastered. Very practical. It consists of many "must memorize" endgames situations, and after knowing them well, you can have more choices for decision making in the midgame-endgame section.
As in all pawn endgames, the position of the pawn is a major factor influencing the outcome of the game. The king is often used to control a certain file as in the other endgames.
Before we continue, tribute must be paid to 陈廉庸 Chen Lianyong, an endgames specialist who dedicated much of his time in studying endgames back in the 1950's. He discovered many sure-win situations and many positional wins and they form the basis for endgame theory today. Chen wrote a few books and relevant to this section is his great work of over 160 endgames studying the 1c1p combination alone in《炮卒专集》or "The Cannon and Pawn Endgame Volume" (my translation). Indeed, he is mentioned in nearly all my endgame books. The examples given in his book are used extensively.
For recording purposes,
hp = high pawn, or any pawn that is NOT at the throat rank or bottom rank
bp = bottom pawn, or any pawn that is on the bottom rank or throat rank.
As some of the boards have been prepared long ago, you might see the abbreviation "Lp" to represent low pawn, but they are in equivalent to bp.
This is part 2 of the discussion of how various combinations of 1c1p fares against various combinations of the opponent's advisor(s) and elephants(s) combined. Very fundamental. The advisor is restricted to the palace and is easier to catch than the elephant relatively.
However, 1c1p endgames involving the opponent's full guard are very tricky... Please get yourself acquainted.
1c1hp1a pw 2a2e , 1c1hp1e pw 2a2e , 1c1bp1a2e pw 2a2e   
Enjoy!

First created: 14th Dec 2011
Last updated: 14th Dec 2011
Acknowledgements:
The late endgames specialist/genius 陈廉庸 Chen Lianyong whose work ARE still the basis of many endgames today.
References: Please refer to the various books listed on the endgames menu page.

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