One Cannon and One Pawn 
Combination Endgames p01

The one cannon and one pawn combination is another basic endgame that must be mastered. Very practical. It consists of many "must memorize" endgames situations, and after knowing them well, you can have more choices for decision making in the midgame-endgame section.
As in all pawn endgames, the position of the pawn is a major factor influencing the outcome of the game. The king is often used to control a certain file as in the other endgames.
Before we continue, tribute must be paid to 陈廉庸 Chen Lianyong, an endgames specialist who dedicated much of his time in studying endgames back in the 1950's. He discovered many sure-win situations and many positional win situations and they form the basis for endgame theory today. Chen wrote a few books and relevant to this section is his great work of over 160 endgames studying the 1c1p combination alone in《炮卒专集》or "The Cannon and Pawn Endgame Volume" (my translation). Indeed, he is mentioned in nearly all my endgame books. The examples given in his book are used extensively.
For recording purposes,
hp = high pawn, or any pawn that is NOT at the throat rank or bottom rank
bp = bottom pawn, or any pawn that is on the bottom rank or throat rank.
As some of the boards have been prepared long ago, you might see the abbreviation "Lp" to represent low pawn, but they are in equivalent to bp.
This page discusses the how various combinations of 1c1p fares against the opponent's elephant. Very fundamental. The elephant is harder to catch than the advisor. 1c1p endgames involving the opponent's elephant are not as simple as they look. Please get yourself acquainted.
1c1bp hw 1e , 1c1bp pw 1e , 1c1hp sw 1e 
1c1bp1e hw 1e (pawn is NOT central pawn) , 1c1bp1e sw 1e (pawn IS central pawn)
1c1hp pw 2e am jnms g028

Enjoy!

First created: 23rd November 2011
Last updated: 28th November 2011
Acknowledgements:
The late endgames specialist/genius 陈廉庸 Chen Lianyong whose work ARE the basis of many endgames today.
References: Please refer to the various books listed on the endgames menu page.

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