Wu Shaolong's Xiangqi Manual 01
About Wu Shaolong 吴绍龙 (Early Qing Dynasty)
Wu Shaolong lived during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing dynasty and was a native of Suzhou province. He was a gentleman and was widely respected. His prowess in Xiangqi was also unparalleled during his time. Unfortunately, like his predecessor Wang Zaiyue, Wu led a troubled life and died in poverty. Wu's greatest contribution to Xiangqi was perhaps for the fact that he had made refinements to Xue Bing's Heart of the Warrior (remains).
Wu Shaolong (?-?) was a native from Gu Wu 古吴 (modern-day Suzhou), in modern-day Jiangsu province. Wu Shaolong's Xiangqi Manuals was a collection of the games that he had played. He lived during the Qianlong Era (1735-1796 AD) of the Qing Dynasty and the games that he played probably reflected the standard and perhaps even style of play during his time. Not much else was known about Wu Shaolong.
The initial manual was a hand-copied version, whereby there were 26 games which Wu played. However, only sixteen remain today.
Out of the remaining sixteen, Wu took Black in all the sixteen games, and there were two matches whereby Wu gave a handicap of two moves. Interestingly, ten of the matches started with the Pawn Opening, while the remaining six were Central Cannon vs. Screen Horse Defense matches.
Wu Shaolong's Xiangqi Manual was later collected into Xie Xiaxun's Encyclopedia of Xiangqi Manuals 《象棋谱大全》。
Wu Shaolong's Xiangqi Manual was unique in the sense that it was a record of games played, as opposed to books on openings or books on endgame puzzles.
Wu Shaolong's Xiangqi Manual has also been called <<吴兆龙象棋谱>>(wú zhào lóng xiàng qí pǔ) or Wu Zhaolong's Xiangqi Manual.
First published 2019/05/17
Please click here to see page 2 for the final six boards.
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